Questions that will help me learn about my topic:
Need help thinking of good questions? Here are some question starters.
1. What were the weapons made of?
2. What types of weapons were they?
3. What were the weapons used for?
4. Did they use European weapons?
5. Who made the weapons?
6. How did they make the weapons?
7. Who owned the weapons?
8. Which weapons did they use in wars?
9. Were the weapons used against them?
10. Did the Huron ever use other tribes' weapons?

Research
Take your notes here. Use bullet points to separate your notes. Cite your notes so that you remember where they came from!
  • Men used wooden spears with three barbs (Sharp points facing backwards) on the side for fishing. The fish couldn't fall off the spear after being speared. (1)
  • Weapons that men used for hunting were bows and arrows and blowguns. (1)
  • Boys had toy bows and arrows and fishing spears. Playing with the toys would help develop skills. (1)
  • In wars, men used wooden war clubs, bows and arrows, and knives. (1)
  • In 1608, the Huron tribe was introduced to guns. They later traded with the Europeans for the guns. (1)
  • After the British left, Champlain had to begin anew. Attempting to regain the advantage for his native allies, he began to supply them with firearms and limited supplies of ammunition for “hunting.” (2)
  • As with most of their neighboring native tribes, the Huron were to lose vast numbers to the guns and the diseases of the Europeans. By 1640, they were down to just 10,000 people. (3)
  • Other weapons consisted of harpoons made of bone hooks, and tomahawks made by the Europeans. (4)
  • They used bayonets. (5)
  • To make arrows more damaging on impact, Indians sharpened the steel or bone - and later added iron or steel - heads and loosely attached them to the shaft so that they would remain in the wound. (5)
  • They used wooden shields (6)
  • A spear is a pole weapon consisting of a shaft, usually of wood, with a sharpened head. The head may be simply the sharpened end of the shaft itself, as is the case with bamboo spears, or it may be of another material fastened to the shaft, such as obsidian (a type of rock) , iron or bronze. The most common design is of a metal spearhead, shaped like a triangle or a leaf. (7)
  • Bows are used for hunting, for sport (target and field shooting), and still occasionally for war. The development of gunpowder and muskets, and the growing size of armies, slowly led to the replacement of bows as weapons of war. The technique of using a bow is called archery. Someone who makes bows is known as a bowyer, and one who makes arrows is a fletcher. (7)
  • Bows and arrows were one of the speediest weapons. The wendat used the bows and arrows to fast animals. For example, birds are not easy to hunt with a spear but when you try to hunt birds with the bow and arrow it will be easier. That happens because as soon as you let go of the arrow it will be easier. That happens because as soon as you let go of the arrow, it goes fast, with a lot of force. It really goes fast because the string that is tied to the curvy bow pushes the arrow with a lot of force which makes it go swiftly. Harpoons were one of the methods of the Wendat. Harpoons look like a spear tied with a rope and with leather bag. There are small harpoons too. (8)
  • Huron men made the bows and arrows. (9)
  • "After examining branches of beech, oak, and hickory trees, a Huron man would select a good one to make a strong bow. The man cut and trimmed the branch. Over the next few days, he heated the wood over a low fire, bent it, polished it, then heated and polished it again.Finally, he had a beautiful bow. He cut notches at either end and wound deer sinew into a single long bowstring." (9)
  • "Huron men made arrows from straight pieces of wood that they collected and dried. Feathers from crows, vultures, turkeys, and hawks were tied to one end of the arrow to keep it from wobbling in flight. A carefully made flint arrowhead was tied to the other end." (9)
  • "Armed with new metal weapons from their trade with the French" (10)
  • According to the Jesuits, male children received very little direction until they were about 10 or 11, whereupon, they were taught to hunt and fight. In preparation for their future responsibilities, however, they spent much of their time playing with bows and arrows and other weapons. (11)
  • Men made wooden items such as utensils, bowls, and shields as well as stone or clay pipes and heavy stone tools such as axes. (12)
  • Weapons included the bow and arrow, war clubs, wooden shield, and rod armor. (12)
  • The men then used spears to catch the fish. They also used fishing hooks (made from animal bones) to catch fish. (13)
  • They made stones and animal bones into knives and scrapers. They used these to skin animals for their fur. (13)
  • Wendat men used certain tools. They hunted with a bow and arrow. (13)
  • Wendat men made all the tools they use to hunt and fish. They used traps or bows and arrows to hunt. (14)

Resources
Copy and paste URLs to good websites or databases that you find here. It will make it easy for you to visit those good websites next time you work on your project!
  1. Huron by Barbara A. Gray-Kanatiosh
  2. http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/culture/history/general-history/wendat-huron-history/
  3. http://www.essortment.com/huron-indians-63736.html
  4. http://www.geo.msu.edu/geogmich/Hurons.html
  5. The American History of the Indian Wars by Robert M. Utley and Wilcomb E. Washburn
  6. http://books.google.com/books?id=uiCWatRVT0gC&pg=PA480&lpg=PA480&dq=making+wyandot+bow+and+arrow&source=bl&ots=G6wtEsptj6&sig=aQqEYhg1I4p5CnlVpIDTlFEy5mk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=flaQT9yvK-Pq2QW64LGcBQ&sqi=2&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=making%20wyandot%20bow%20and%20arrow&f=false
  7. http://wendat.wikispaces.com/Weapons
  8. http://thewendathuronproject.scriptmania.com/custom4.html
  9. First Americans: The Huron by David C. King
  10. http://www.dickshovel.com/tionontati.html
  11. http://www.innisfil.library.on.ca/natives/natives/chp2.htm
  12. http://what-when-how.com/native-americans/wyandotte-native-americans-of-the-northeast-woodlands/
  13. http://canadachannel.ca/HCOJR/index.php/B._The_Wendat_People#Hunting_and_Fishing
  14. http://www.aaps.k12.mi.us/angell.webster/files/nataliehuron.pdf


Plan for your Final Product
What are you going to create to share what you have learned?
  • external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS8-g_QHt9XOtGMia6OBAEhJBxYNRF35c8brTQ-8HunK3XRmm4w


Final Product